As C H Spurgeon lamented "Oh, the awful power which sin had thus to turn the world into one vast cemetery, and to slay the whole human race (from his sermon "Lost Through One; Saved Through One" on Romans 5:16). Because of Adam’s sin, all mankind is under condemnation and death. Do you think you would do any better with your sinful nature than Adam did without a sinful nature? The term may, however, have a more general sense, as including death spiritual and eternal; for these are the penal consequences of sin, and the whole argument points to death as a penalty thereof. Reigning thru Righteousness

Man inherits a sinful nature and sinful state via his identification with Adam as the head of the race. Now here is where the definition of Sin as used in Romans 5-8 can become a bit confusing. In light of that concept, what one can say is that Levi (and his descendants) who collected the tithe from the people in Israel, in a manner of speaking they themselves (Levi and descendents) paid a tithe to Melchizedek through their physical ancestor Abraham. Now are you really confused? (Ryrie, C. C.. Man (444) (anthropos) is a generic name for human beings in general. There is a law written on people’s hearts (see Romans 2:15-note). and escape sin's penalty. Alas, for poor humanity! The Law says in essence: ''Do you want to see if you are a sinner? Therefore, humans are not sinners because they sin, but sin because they are sinners. (see note Romans 4:15). Because imputed sin says (as determined from Romans 5:12) that when Adam sinned, every man and woman ever born also sinned, because God imputed (credited to one's account) Adam's sin to our spiritual ledger. Fear is feeling unable to handle life anymore, being aware that there are forces and powers we are unable to control, and which eventually are going to confront us. When Our Lord faced men with all the forces of evil in them, and men who were clean living and moral and up right, He did not pay any attention to the moral degradation of the one or to the moral attainment of the other; He looked at something we do not see, viz., the disposition. Is man totally depraved?

Also, the verse before us that says all have sinned (KJV) does not mean that we are guilty of a sinful act. We are all sinners with a definite article—THE sin attached to us. So now (Romans 5:12-21) we look back to the act that set us down as sinners, instead of to our own deeds and to the act that sets us down righteous, apart from our own works…, (He goes on to explain the therefore writing that) This whole plan of salvation, by Christ's work, not ours, which we have been considering in Romans 3-5, gives rise to the therefore which introduces this verse: Therefore this plan of salvation of all by a single Redeemer, is on the same principle as when through the other one man sin entered the world; and, with it, its wages, death.

He received tithes as a priest, but how did he pay tithes? I shall go to him, but he will not return to me. It was not the many sinful acts that Adam subsequently committed, but the indwelling sin nature that he passed on to his posterity. Adam acted for the human race because he was the head of it. Adam was given but one (as far as we know) prohibition by God, and the consequence for disobedience of that prohibition was severe, Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it. Adam was not originally subject to death, but through his sin, death became a grim certainty for him and his posterity. The proper comprehension of the eternal standing in Christ settles the question of the believer's security. We simply must leave that matter in the hands of God and trust him to be both just and merciful. In other words, he was an anti-prohibitionist. Go ahead and try to obey it.". Three Kinds of Death. Nevertheless, it is congenial to biblical teaching on the solidarity of mankind. Rests in undisturbed repose, He makes it clear that there are profound dissimilarities between Christ and Adam ( Romans 5:15 ; 16 ; 17 ), and in Romans 5:18 he returns to complete succinctly the thought of the unfinished sentence of Romans 5:12 . It is an important section, and indeed Nygren calls it “the point where all the lines of (Paul’s) thinking converge, both those of the preceding chapters and those of the chapters that follow.” The construction of the whole is not straightforward. entered into the world, and death by sin—as the penalty of sin.

And so the Jews generally believed that Adam's sin introduced sin (and consequently death) into the world, and that all Adam's descendants shared in his guilt. Ask Moses, and he reminds you of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, who were swallowed up alive (Nu 16:1-50). Barnes NT Commentary), With the sin came, the consequences (cf the law of sowing and reaping, Gal 6:7, 8+) of that sin came. The immunity Christ provides is for one purpose: to show how much God loves us, and to give us reason to live for Him and love Him forever. Sin is not an activity. For sin does not exist without law, and the law did not come in till Moses. The sinful nature originated with Adam and is passed down from parent to child. Carl Menninger wrote a book, Man Against Himself, in which he documents that this is what we do. (Defenders Study Bible), Genesis is not a myth or a fairy tale. C H Spurgeon comments "Ask Noah as he looks out of his ark, "Does sin bring bitterness?" He who starts early in the morning will go far before night. Anthropos on the other hand signifies a member of the human race, without reference either to sex or nationality. Think of the illustration where if a general is defeated, every one of his soldiers is defeated. There was certainly no struggle for existence, or survival of the fittest, for every creature was created fit for its own environment. Note that although Paul's explanation begins here in Romans 5:13, it continues into verse 14 which needs to be studied to appreciate the full impact of Paul's argument. What does this term refer to? Amen. We have remarked on the aorist tense, "sinned" in connection with its use in Romans 3.

But he also brings God's incredible gift into focus..."but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord". Sin, with all its dreadful consequences, now entered the human race and the world in general. The old creation fell in Adam, and all his descendants were involved in his ruin. W. B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press. Why can't we obey? In the theological sense as used most often in Scripture t he word sin describes one's thoughts, words or deeds which so often miss the ultimate purpose that God would intend them to have (i.e., they "miss" His will). S      Struggle w/ Sin  (Romans 6-8) Struggle, sanctification, and victory, Modified from Irving L. Jensen's chart above, Romans 5:12 Therefore *, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because * all sinned -- (NASB: Lockman), Greek: Dia touto hosper di' enos anthropou e hamartia eis ton kosmon eiselthen (3SAAI) kai dia tes hamartias o thanatos, kai houtos eis pantas anthropous o thanatos dielthen, (3SAAI) eph o pantes hemarton (3PAAI), Amplified: Therefore, as sin came into the world through one man, and death as the result of sin, so death spread to all men, [no one being able to stop it or to escape its power] because all men sinned. And so it happened that Adam ate and so entered…, "THE death through THE sin, and so THE death spread to all men.". Some of this “much more” Paul has already explained in Romans 5:1-11. The one offense committed by the first Adam was his violation of that test, or prohibition, "But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die" (Genesis 2:17). We find ourselves trapped in it constantly. Remember that all mankind is either in Adam or in Christ, those in the latter group having been delivered out of Adam and the penalty (eternal death) and transferred into the body of Christ and His kingdom. He is not as bad as he could be, but in all areas of his being, the totality of his being -- body, soul, spirit, mind, emotions, etc. It speaks of complete movement in a particular direction. Not only was there sin in the world, but there was death in the world, and death reigned from Adam to Moses.

Not if we care about those affected by our choices. We were made by God to be vessels to convey his outgoing love, to reach out with it to everyone around us. Death (2288) (thanatos) indicates the opposite of life and the absence of life and in the NT is seen as the consequence and punishment of sin. But sin without the article means this is the evidence. Have you ever had somebody look at you with a puzzled look when you said to him that every person apart from Jesus Christ is a sinner? My birth tendencies are out of the square of equity; I naturally lean to forbidden things.

(Romans 5:14). Sin was still sin during the period from Adam to Moses and the fact that there was death during that period proved that it still had the effect of resulting in death.


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